October 27, 2021

Researchers Develop Antibacterial Cocoa-Based Film

Researchers at the Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology in Paterna, Spain have developed films containing flavonoid-rich cocoa that have antimicrobial applications. The film is made from ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) and could be used in the food packaging industry.

Food Poisoning OutbreaksIt’s the catechins in the cocoa extract that inhibits the growth of all the microorganisms tested. There were no differences in the effect between gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, which have different structures. Gram-negative bacteria include E. coli and Salmonella; gram-positive bacteria include Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. The films were very effective at inhibiting the growth of Listeria monocytogenes in infant milk.

In addition, when the films were exposed to aqueous food simulant, it demonstrated antioxidant capacity, which could extend the shelf life of foods. Films with 10%, 15%, and 20% cocoa extract had bactericidal effect against Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella enterica. No cocoa-based films are currently in use in food packaging.


  1. I wonder if this cocoa film will be as deadly for dogs, as that darn cocoa mulch is. Many people make their own dog foods, or share people food with their dogs. I doubt this cocoa film crap will have labels on it, to warn us that it may be harmful for our pets.

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