January 18, 2018

Chronic High Sodium Diet Associated with Hypertension

New research published in the America Heart Association's journal Circulation has found that in people who do not have high blood pressure (hypertension), a chronic high sodium diet is associated with the development of that disease. Researchers thought that a high sodium diet, over time, would cause damage to blood vessels in the endothelial layer. The study followed the sodium intake of 5,556 men and women in a city in the Netherlands as part of the PREVEND (Prevention of REnal and Vascular ENd stage Disease) study. They found that a diet sodium diet was associated with increases in two biomarkers that indicate endothelial dysfunction: serum uric acid (SUA) and urine albumin excretion (UAE). The endothelium in blood vessels is the thin layer of cells that line the interior surface. … [Read more...]

American Heart Association Proposes Change to Salt’s GRAS Status

The American Heart Association has commented on the FDA's proposal to reduce American consumer's sodium consumption with an interesting twist. That organization would like to see salt's status as a "safe ingredient" modified. The AHA would also like to see more limits put on the process that lets food companies make their own GRAS determinations. The GRAS List GRAS stands for Generally Regarded As Safe. That list of food additives was developed in 1958 as an amendment to the 1938 Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act. It distinguishes between new additives that need FDA approval before use, and additives and ingredients that have been used for years and are deemed safe "with a consensus of expert opinion" and "reasonable scientific certainty that the substance is harmless when used … [Read more...]

Nine in Ten U.S. Adults Consume Too Much Sodium

Almost all adult Americans consume too much sodium, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Ninety percent of the sodium in our diets comes from food, and the sodium we get from foods is concentrated in prepared foods and processed foods; it's not added at the table via the salt shaker. Most of us know that consuming too much sodium can contribute to diseases such as high blood pressure (hypertension). But there are some diseases linked to high sodium intake that may be surprising. Diabetes Gallbladder disease Heart disease Stroke Osteoarthritis Endometrial cancer Breast cancer Colon cancer Kidney disease Obesity Some scientists and doctors think that the ratio of sodium to potassium in your diet may be an even more … [Read more...]

New Research Finds Early Experience Shapes Salt Preference

Most of us know that we consume too much sodium. In fact, Americans consume about 3400 milligrams of sodium every day. The recommended daily limit is about 2300 milligrams. The body's actual requirement for sodium is only 220 milligrams a day. Most of the sodium in our diet comes from processed foods. Because salt is on the "Generally Regarded as Safe" (G.R.A.S.) list, producers can add as much salt as they want to processed foods. … [Read more...]

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