October 25, 2016

Cryptosporidiosis Outbreak Associated with Raw Milk in TN

The Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) is investigating multiple gastrointestinal disease reports among people who consumed raw milk before they got sick. Two cases of cryptosporidiosis have been confirmed in people who live in the Chattanooga/Hamilton County Region. Both cases are associated with raw milk consumption from a dairy cow share program. In the last few months, other individuals have been interviewed about sporadic cases of Campylobacter and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), who also drank raw milk from different sources. TDH Commissioner Dr. John Dreyzehener said, "Consuming raw milk in the belief it's healthier than pasteurized milk is a perilous risk that shakes off the possibility of a range of serious and occasionally fatal illnesses for the individuals and … [Read more...]

Campylobacter in 3 Orange County Children

Three Orange County children, all under the age of 5, were diagnosed with Campylobacter infections, according to a report in the Orange County Register. One of them was hospitalized. All tests on Claravale Farm raw milk were negative for Campylobacter, Food Poisoning Bulletin has been informed. In April, the California Department of Food and Agriculture issued a recall of Claravale Farm raw milk products for possible Campylobacter contamination. The owners of the farm posted a notice on its website saying that between the recall and two lawsuits filed by former employees they were at risk of losing their business. Campylobacter is bacteria that is transferred via the fecal-oral route, meaning those who develop Campylobacter infections have ingested microscopic amounts of animal … [Read more...]

Campylobacter in Raw Milk Sickens Young Children in Odon and Montgomery IN

Campylobacter in raw milk has sickened several Indian children under the age of 2, according to the Indiana Department of Health. The illnesses were reported in the Odon and Montgomery areas. Symptoms of campylobacteriosis include diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain and fever. These symptoms develop two to five days after exposure and can last about a week. During this time, the diarrhea can become bloody and sometimes there is also nausea and vomiting. Infections in young children, seniors and those with weakened immune systems can cause serious health problems. Anyone who develops these symptoms after drinking raw milk should see a doctor. Unpasteurized dairy products and undercooked poultry are the most common sources of Campylobacter infections. Food and drinks that are contaminated … [Read more...]

Study Finds Raw Milk Benefits Do Not Outweigh Risks

A study conducted by the Department of Environmental Health Services at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future has found that the benefits of consuming raw milk do not outweigh the risks. The study was done for the Maryland General Assembly as they consider a bill to legalize the on-farm sale of unpasteurized milk in that state. The study, which was completed in December 2014 but just released to the public, states, "Overall, our review identified no evidence that the potential benefits of consuming raw milk outweigh the known risks." The bill, House Bill 3 was introduced to the Maryland House of Delegates during the 2014 session. The researchers looked at the scientific literature for studies regarding health benefits and risks … [Read more...]

Johns Hopkins Review: Raw Milk Carries Higher Risk of Food Poisoning Than Pasteurized

The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health conducted a literature review about the food safety of raw milk after a bill allowing the sale of raw milk directly to consumers was introduced to the Maryland House of Delegates during the 2014 session. Researchers examined the scientific literature regarding the health benefits and risks of raw and pasteurized cow milk. They examined 81 articles of peer-reviewed literature. "Based on our review of the scientific evidence, we conclude that drinking raw milk carries an increased risk of foodborne illness as compared to drinking pasteurized milk," they stated in their report.  "We identified several articles that detected a relationship between drinking raw milk and reduced allergies among rural children and infants. The underlying … [Read more...]

Claravale Raw Milk May be Associated with Campylobacter Outbreak

The California Department of Public Health warned consumers that consumption of unpasteurized (raw) milk may cause serious illness. Six people in northern California have been diagnosed with campylobacteriosis, a serious infection caused by Campylobacter bacteria. Multiple bottles of raw milk from Claravale Farm have tested positive for Campylobacter and have been recalled. In 2012, raw milk from Claravale farm sickened at least 22 people with Campylobacter. In this latest recall, raw milk, raw nonfat milk and raw cream from Claravale Farm in San Benito county with code dates of "MAR 28 and earlier should be disposed. Retailers should not sell it, and consumers should not drink it. The symptoms of a Campylobacter infection include diarrhea that is often bloody, abdominal cramping and … [Read more...]

Kentucky E. coli Outbreak Associated with Raw Milk in 2014

An E. coli outbreak in Kentucky in September 2014 was associated with raw milk consumption, according to the Kentucky Public Health Department. Five children in North Central Kentucky were sickened after drinking unpasteurized milk. Four of the children developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a serious and life-threatening complication of this infection and had to be hospitalized. Dr. Stephanie Mayfield, DPH Commissioner said in a statement, "at this time, we know that all of the children consumed unpasteurized milk, which is different from the milk and dairy products you purchase at the grocery store. Unpasteurized milk is dangerous and has not undergone a process to kill bacteria before it is consumed, meaning it could contain disease-causing agents such as E. … [Read more...]

Wyoming Steps Closer to Legal Raw Milk, More Food Poisoning, Critics Charge

A bill that would legalize the sale of raw milk and home-grown food has passed both houses of the Wyoming State Legislature. But critics say the bill, called the Food Freedom Act, contains no consumer protections and will put people at risk for serious illness and death from food poisoning. The Wyoming Tribune Eagle editorial page said a better name for the bill would be the Food Illness Bill. The Wyoming Senate voted 20-8, with one abstention, to pass the bill. Criticism of the bill does not fall along part lines. Sen. Chris Rothfuss, D-Laramie, Sen. Charlie Scott, R-Casper  and Sen. Fred Emerich, R-Cheyenne are all opposed to the idea. Before a fine version heads to Gov. Matt Mead, it will likely be sent to a conference committee. Because it is not pasteurized, raw milk can contain … [Read more...]

CDC Study: Increase in Raw Milk Food Poisoning Outbreaks

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released a new study in Emerging Infectious Diseases stating that the number of food poisoning outbreaks in the United States caused by raw (unpasteurized) milk increased from 30 in 2007 - 2009 to 51 in 2010 - 2012. Most of the outbreaks were caused by Campylobacter bacteria, and most occurred in states where the sale of raw milk is legal. Most worryingly, this increase in outbreaks happened at the same time there was a decline in the number of states where raw milk sales are legal, from 28 in 2004 to 20 in 2011. A food poisoning outbreak is defined as two or more cases of a similar illness resulting from eating a common food. The outbreaks caused by raw milk resulted in 979 illness and 73 hospitalizations. The bacteria responsible … [Read more...]

New CDC Study Shows Increase in Raw Milk-Associated Outbreaks

A new study published December 10, 2014 in the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal shows that the average number of yearly outbreaks due to drinking raw milk more than quadrupled from the last study conducted eight years ago. There was an average of three outbreaks every year during the time period of 1993 to 2006. During the time period of 2007 to 2012, there were 13 outbreaks every year. Overall, there were 81 outbreaks associated with raw milk from 2007 to 2012. Almost 1,000 people were sickened and 73 hospitalized as a result of their illnesses. And more than 80% of the outbreaks occurred in states where raw milk sales are legal. As more states allow the sale of raw milk, outbreaks are rapidly increasing. Eight states have legalized … [Read more...]

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