October 17, 2017

Clostridium Perfringens Likely Cause of Ramsey County Jail Outbreak

The outbreak at the Ramsey County jail last month was likely caused by Clostridium perfringens bacteria, Doug Schultz of the Minnesota Department of Health told Food Poisoning Bulletin.  That outbreak, which occurred on September 9, 2017, sickened 137 inmates at the St. Paul jail. Nurses treated inmates at the jail. No one was hospitalized in this outbreak. Sample trays of food that were served for lunch and dinner on that day were tested for pathogenic bacteria. Clostridium perfringens was found in a sample of rice and in tamale pie. C. perfringens causes food poisoning when foods are not properly reheated or are held at a dangerous temperature for a long period of time. Outbreaks usually occur in restaurant and institutional settings, where large containers of food are … [Read more...]

Outbreak at Ramsey County, MN Jail

An outbreak at the Ramsey County jail last week sickened more than 100 inmates, according to Doug Schulz, Information Officer for the Minnesota Department of Health. There were probably no hospitalizations in this outbreak. According to Schulz, food testing is not complete, but he said that negative results won't be meaningful, since food testing is difficult. Food trays were tested after the outbreak was reported to public health officials. One stool sample was collected, but since it was collected long after recovery from the illness, the results will be limited. This sample is not being tested for the same pathogens the food trays were tested for. MDH is not able to interview inmates, and officials probably won't have any further details or answers than what is currently … [Read more...]

Salmonella Outbreak at MN Bayshore Facility Sickens 15, 2 Hospitalized

News outlets are reporting that a Salmonella outbreak at the Bayshore Residents and Rehabilitation nursing home in Duluth, Minnesota sickened at least 15 people and hospitalized two. All of those sickened were residents and staff; eleven residents and four staff members were ill. The outbreak occurred in August 2017. Five people tested positive for Salmonella. Officials are saying that the illnesses were caused by "contaminated hands of staff or residents." The illness was foodborne. Facility personnel did a "thorough examination" of the kitchen at the facility and concluded that the bacteria was brought in from outside the building. There is no mention of how that conclusion was reached. The facility is located at 1601 St. Louis Avenue on Park Point. It provides 139 nursing … [Read more...]

Four People in Minnesota Sickened in Salmonella Papaya Outbreak

Four people in Minnesota have been sickened in the deadly Salmonella outbreak linked to imported Maradol papayas. Nationwide, at least 210 people in 23 states are sick with eight different strains of Salmonella bacteria. The CDC and FDA are both investigating this outbreak. Many of those who are sick are female and of Hispanic origin. As of September 1, 2017, three farms in Mexico have been identified as growing and the shipping the contaminated fruit. There are actually three outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to the papayas. The first outbreak, which was first identified by officials is Maryland, has sickened 201 people. The Salmonella strains in that outbreak are Thompson, Kiambu, Agona, and Gaminara. All of those sickened in Minnesota are part of that particular … [Read more...]

Mystery of Two MN Children with E. coli Infections Unsolved

The Minnesota Department of Health has ended its investigation into two E. coli illnesses in Wright County. Two young children, siblings, were sickened with the deadly pathogen. One of the little ones died, and the other is recovering at home. Both children developed hemolytic uremic syndrome, a type of kidney failure, after they acquired the infections. The strain of bacteria that caused the illnesses is Shiga toxin-producing E. coli, or STEC, also known as STEC O145. Another undetermined type of STEC was also found in isolates. Investigators looked at all known potential sources of E. coli bacteria as they tried to figure out where the bacteria came from. Those sources included foods such as ground beef, leafy greens, and raw milk, along with swimming, person-to-person … [Read more...]

Deadly Papaya Salmonella Outbreak Has Sickened 141

The deadly Salmonella outbreak linked to imported Maradol papayas has now sickened at least 141 people in 19 states, according to the latest update from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Thirty two more ill people from 15 states have been added to the investigation since the last update last Friday. Three more states have now reported patents: Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. The case count by state is: Connecticut (5), Delaware (4), Iowa (2), Illinois (2), Kentucky (3), Louisiana (2), Maryland (8), Massachusetts (6), Michigan (1), Minnesota (4), North Carolina (3), New Jersey (27) New York (39), Ohio (1), Oklahoma (4), Pennsylvania (8), Texas (7), Virginia (14), and Wisconsin (1). Forty-five ill persons have been hospitalized. One death was reported from New York … [Read more...]

Deadly Salmonella Papaya Outbreak Sickens 109

The deadly Salmonella Kiambu outbreak linked to papayas has now sickened at least 109 people in 16 states. That's an increase of 64 more ill persons from the last update on July 21, 2017. Six more states have reported patients since then: Connecticut, Delaware, Michigan, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin. This outbreak began when Maryland officials started investigating a Salmonella cluster in their state. They found two types of Salmonella: Kiambu and Thompson. Officials were not sure if those sickened with Salmonella Thompson were part of this outbreak. Now, laboratory tests showed that the strain of Salmonella Thompson isolated from papayas collected in the Maryland investigation is "closely related genetically" to clinical isolates from patients so they are part of the … [Read more...]

FDA Comments on Deadly Papaya Salmonella Outbreak

The FDA is weighing in on the deadly Salmonella outbreak linked to Maradol papayas. Samples taken from this variety of fruit have teated positive for the outbreak strains of Salmonella Kimbu and Salmonella Thompson found in ill persons. Maradol papayas are green before they ripen and turn yellow. Do not eat Caribeña brand papayas regardless of the color. If you have these papayas in your home, throw them away in a sealed package immediately. At this time, Caribeña brand papayas from Mexico have been identified as a brand linked to these illnesses, but the CDC is advising consumers not to eat any Maradol papayas. Additional brands that may be associated with this outbreak will be announced as government officials identify them. The CDC reports that 47 people in 12 states have been … [Read more...]

Salmonella Outbreak at Duffy’s Bar and Grill in Osseo, MN

Doug Schultz, Information Officer at the Minnesota Department of Health told Food Poisoning Bulletin that there is a Salmonella outbreak investigation involving Duffy's Bar and Grill in Osseo, Minnesota. Five people have been sickened in this outbreak. The patient age range is from 28 to 80 years told. Two of the patients have been hospitalized because their illnesses were so severe. All of the patients have recovered. Interventions were put into place at the facility, according to Schultz, and there is no evidence of any ongoing transmission, since the last patient who was sickened at there on February 26, 2017. There is no information about what caused the outbreak. The outbreak could have been caused through contaminated food, through cross-contamination, or by an ill … [Read more...]

Top 10 Multistate Outbreaks of 2016: Number 8 Jack & The Green Sprouts

The eighth largest food poisoning outbreak in 2016 was a multistate outbreak of E. coli O157 infections linked to alfalfa sprouts produced by Jack & the Green Sprouts. Eleven people in two states were sickened in this outbreak. Two people were hospitalized. The case count by state is: Minnesota (8), and Wisconsin (3). No one developed hemolytic uremic syndrome in this outbreak, and no one died. The facility that produced the sprouts is located in River Falls, Wisconsin. Epidemiological evidence indicates that that facility is the likely source of the outbreak. Raw sprouts are a known source of foodborne illness. People in high risk groups, such as the elderly, the very young, people with chronic illnesses, and those with compromised immune systems should not eat raw … [Read more...]

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